Benefits and Limitations of Full Thickness GI Biopsies vs. Endoscopic GI Biopsies

Intramedullary pins are frequently placed in the medullary cavity to align and support shaft fractures. Intramedullary pins provide high resistance to bending forces but do not provide protection against compression or rotational forces.

Deciding whether a bony lesion seen on a radiograph is malignant or benign is a challenge faced frequently by veterinarians. In veterinary medicine, very few processes are easily categorised as ‘black’ or ‘white’ and bone lesions are no exception.

The most obvious radiographic feature in dogs with elbow dysplasia is development of osteophytes. These are normally first apparent on the dorsal margin of the anconeal process but eventually develop on all aspects of the joint.

This month Dr Natalie challenges you to diagnose a four year old female Jack Russell terrier suffering from lethargy, vomiting and acute collapse. What would be your next diagnostic/therapeutic step?

Rehabilitation includes treatments such as applying ice, myotherapy, passive range of motion, weight shifting exercises, encouraging/ activating proprioception, physiotherapy, muscle strengthening exercises and hydrotherapy.

Two frequently asked questions when it comes to extracapsular stabilisation of cruciate disease are 1. What suture material should I use; and 2. What suture configuration should I use and how do I secure the suture.

A 9-year-old, male, Jack Russell Terrier was presented for acute severe dyspnoea. Initial emergency care, including oxygen supplementation, intravenous uid therapy and preliminary blood and blood gas analysis was provided.

A large number of surgical techniques have been investigated and advocated for its treatment, but so far, none have been able to replicate laryngeal function and aspiration pneumonia remains a considerable post-operative concern.

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